Last edited by Gagar
Saturday, April 18, 2020 | History

2 edition of HIV/AIDS and female circumcision in Muslim areas of Kenya found in the catalog.

HIV/AIDS and female circumcision in Muslim areas of Kenya

Peter Abwao

HIV/AIDS and female circumcision in Muslim areas of Kenya

proceedings of a seminar held between July 29th-31st, 1995 at Naivasha, Kenya

by Peter Abwao

  • 108 Want to read
  • 8 Currently reading

Published by Medicos sin Fronteras, Northern Aid in Nairobi, Kenya .
Written in English

    Places:
  • Kenya
    • Subjects:
    • AIDS (Disease) -- Kenya -- Congresses.,
    • Female circumcision -- Kenya -- Congresses.,
    • Muslims -- Health and hygiene -- Kenya -- Congresses.

    • Edition Notes

      Statementconvened by Northern Aid ; sponsored by Medicos sin Fronteras (MSF-Spain).
      SeriesNorthern Aid meeting report series ;, no. 1
      ContributionsMSF--Spain, Northern Aid (Organization : Kenya), Seminar on "HIV/AIDS and Female Circumcision in Muslim Areas of Kenya" (1995 : Naivasha, Kenya)
      Classifications
      LC ClassificationsRA644.A25 A2715 1995
      The Physical Object
      Paginationviii, 89 p. ;
      Number of Pages89
      ID Numbers
      Open LibraryOL654010M
      LC Control Number96980936

      In , The Government of Kenya recognized MC as an additional strategy for the prevention of heterosexually acquired HIV infection in men, and formed a national taskforce on male circumcision. • • Taskforce held a number of consultations with stakeholder and community: Luo Council of Elders, Youth, Women, Faith Based. With research showing that male circumcision reduces the odds of getting HIV through heterosexual sex by 60 percent, more boys and young men – primarily those between the ages of 10 and 19 – are having the procedure done, largely in eastern and southern African nations where circumcision is rarely performed at birth.   As important is the issue it raises concerning circumcision in countries where the procedure is a cultural tradition. IHT article after the break. In Africa, a problem with circumcision and AIDS. ROME: Unsterile circumcision is a potentially important route of HIV infection among children and adolescents in Africa, a new study suggests.


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HIV/AIDS and female circumcision in Muslim areas of Kenya by Peter Abwao Download PDF EPUB FB2

Advocates of circumcision found more ammunition recently when it was reported that uncircumcised heterosexual males were more likely to contract HIV/AIDS than their circumcised counterparts.

The finding, based on studies in Africa, specifically Kenya, Uganda, and South Africa, seemed to show that circumcision reduces the chances of heterosexual.

found: HIV/AIDS and female circumcision in Muslim areas of Kenya, title page (Medicos sin Fronteras). Author(s): Abwao,Peter Title(s): Hiv/aids and female circumcision in muslim areas of kenya: proceedings of a seminar held between july 29thst, at naivasha, kenya.

Country of Publication: Kenya Publisher: Nairobi, Kenya Medicos Sin Fronteras Description: viii, 89 p. Language: English LCCN: NLM ID: [Book]. HIV/AIDS While prevention of sexually transmitted infections is irrelevant to non-sexually-active newborns and children, nonetheless, prevention of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) has become one of the main ‘medical benefits’ rationales given for circumcision.

A decade ago, three randomized controlled trials (RCTs) done in sub-Saharan Africa appeared to show, during the study period, a. Circumcision is one of the world's most widely performed medical procedures.

Approximately 37% to 39% of males worldwide are circumcised, about half for religious or cultural reasons. It is most often practiced between infancy and the early twenties.

The WHO estimated in thatmales aged 15 and over were circumcised (30–33% global prevalence), almost 70% of whom were Muslim.

Female Genital Mutilation: Complications and Risk of HIV Transmission. MARGARET BRADY, M.S.N., F.N.P.-C. ABSTRACT. There are over million girls and women who have undergone female genital mutilation (FGM).

The World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that another 2. In contrast, circumcision was less common in Kisumu, Kenya, and in Ndola, Tanzania. Only about 10 to 25% of men are circumcised in those cities, but. Purpose. Purpose. The Luo tribe of Kisumu, Kenya, does not traditionally practice male circumcision (MC).

This study will work with the Luo tribe to test the effectiveness of MC on reducing the risk of HIV infections in young al Title: Trial of Male Circumcision to Reduce HIV Incidence.

ublished up to April that included circumcision as a risk factor for HIV-1 infection among men in sub-Saharan Africa. A random effects meta-analysis was used to calculate a pooled relative risk (RR) and 95% confidence interval (CI) for all studies combined, and stratified by type of study population.

Further analyses were conducted among those studies that adjusted for potential. On Decemthe National Institutes of Health (NIH) announced the early termination of two randomised controlled trials of male circumcision—in Kenya and Uganda—on the basis of interim evidence that male circumcision provided a protective benefit against HIV infection of 53% among the Kenyan men 1 and 51% among the Ugandan men 2 enrolled in the respective Cited by: The church in Africa has maximized her efforts to promote awareness about the disease.

These efforts generally range from the provision of facts about HIV and AIDS, its modes of transmission, various types of high-risk behaviour that increase its transmission, education for responsible and positive living, mainly focusing on human sexuality and related issues. HIV/AIDS is a major public health concern and cause of death in many parts of Africa.

Although the continent is home to about percent of the world's population, more than two-thirds of the total infected worldwide – some 35 million people – were Africans, of whom 15 million have already died.

Sub-Saharan Africa alone accounted for an estimated 69 percent of all people living with HIV. Considering circumcision to reduce your risk of HIV infection. Out HIV & Male Circumcision fact sheet explains the procedure and benefits. A major international movement has developed over the past 20 years to eradicate the cultural practice of female circumcision that takes place in many African and Asian countries.

At the Nairobi International Conference on Female Genital Mutilation in September, attendees from nations where female circumcision is practiced urged states to adopt.

The study found that circumcision coverage in non-Muslim men increased from 9% during the Rakai circumcision study to 26% byfour years after the trial concluded. Every 10% increase in circumcision coverage was associated with a 12% reduction in HIV incidence (, 95% confidence interval ).

Distribution of reported female circumcision • The highest reported rates of female circumcision were found in the Northern regions of Tanzania bordering Kenya, and in the regions directly south of those, ranging from 20% in Iringa to 73% in Manyara.

These adjacent regions. Male and female circumcision associated with prevalent HIV infection in virgins and adolescents in Kenya, Lesotho, and Tanzania.

Remarkable proportions of self-reported virgins and adolescents in eastern and southern Africa are infected with HIV, yet non-sexual routes of transmission have not been systematically investigated in such persons.

Progress in Voluntary Medical Male Circumcision Service Provision — Kenya, – Inthe national prevalence of HIV in Kenya was % among persons aged 15–64 years, with provincial prevalence rates ranging from % in North Eastern Province to % in Nyanza Province (1).Although an estimated % of males in Kenya are circumcised, nearly half of all.

Voluntary medical male circumcision (VMMC) reduces the risk for heterosexually acquired HIV infection among males by approximately 60% (1).

As such, it is an essential compo-nent of the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS) strategy for ending acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) by (2). Substantial progress toward. A study reveals that circumcision affects the type of bacteria that live on the penis, which could explain why circumcised men have a 50% to 60% reduced risk of being infected by HIV, the virus.

Kenya: Report on Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) or Female Genital Cutting (FGC) eradication of this practice in several targeted areas of Kenya. It provided technical assistance to indigenous health workers in awareness about the HIV/AIDS virus and proper health practices.

The Ministry of Education oversees the Federal Institute for. Circumcision is very ancient - the oldest recorded operation - and traditional circumcision is found worldwide, in Africa, Asia, Australia, Europe and North and South America. AFRICA: In North, South and West Africa, East Africa- Algeria, Cameroon, Chad, Egypt (Muslim and Christian), Ethiopia, Gabon, Gambia, Guinea, Ivory Coast, Kenya.

Finally, we should also want to make it clear that female genital mutilation was and still is practiced among whites, and in the white world at large, in the West (see Sarah Rodriguez’s book “Female Circumcision and Clitoridectomy in the United States: A History of a Medical Treatment.”. Programmes to scale up male circumcision services are under way in 14 countries in eastern and southern Africa.

The Clearinghouse on Male Circumcision for HIV Prevention is designed to support those efforts by providing evidence-based guidance, progress reports, resources for implementation, and a forum for sharing lessons learned. HIV/AIDS and female circumcision in Muslim areas of Kenya: proceedings of a seminar held between July 29thst, at Naivasha, Kenya.

Nairobi, Kenya, Medicos sin Fronteras: Northern Aid. - [BOOK] Adinma, J. "Current status of female circumcision among Nigerian Igbos." West African journal of medicine 16(4): West.

• Thomas, Meru, Kenya, s (decolonization) • Female circumcision controversy: • How states affect women, reinforcement of patriarchy, social reproduction, power of reproduction in colonial and postcolonial debates.

Ethiopia is one of the world's oldest countries; its Rift Valley may be the location where the ancestors of humankind originated more than four million years ago. With a population of 67 million people today, it is the third most populous country on the African continent after Nigeria and Egypt.

It is the source of 86 percent of the water reaching the Aswan Dam in Egypt, most of it carried by. HIV is low risk between two women, but you should know how to have safer sex.

HIV, injecting drugs & harm reduction fact sheet. Sharing needles puts you at risk of HIV infection. Use a new one every time you inject. HIV & sex work fact sheet. Find out how to protect yourself from. During a pilot study of provision of male circumcision services in Siaya, Kenya, demand for circumcision rapidly increased when the cost was reduced from US$ to US$and half of all.

Female genital mutilation or cutting (FGM/C) means piercing, cutting, removing, or sewing closed all or part of a girl's or woman's external genitals for no medical reason. Researchers estimate more thangirls and women in the U.S.

have experienced or are at risk of FGM/C. 1 Worldwide, as many as million girls and women alive today have been cut. 2 FGM/C is often a part of the. The Kenya and Uganda trials replicated the landmark findings of the South African Orange Farm study, the first randomised controlled trial to report a greater than 50% protective benefit of male.

Ethiopia is one of the world's oldest countries; its Rift Valley may be the location where the ancestors of humankind originated more than four million years ago.

With a population of 67 million people today, it is the third most populous country on the African continent after Nigeria and Egypt. It is the source of 86 percent of the water reaching the Aswan Dam in Egypt, most of it carried by 3/5(3). This strategic plan is aligned to the Kenya AIDS Strategic Framework (KASF) and operationalises the National Guidance for Voluntary Medical Male Circumcision in Kenya ().

The Strategy is informed by the lessons learnt during the first phase of. Using a population-based survey we examined the behaviors, beliefs, and HIV/HSV-2 serostatus of men and women in the traditionally non-circumcising community of Kisumu, Kenya prior to establishment of voluntary medical male circumcision services.

A total of men and women participated. Circumcision status was not associated with HIV/HSV-2 infection nor increased high risk sexual.

Circumcision prevalence varies in Africa from 80 to 90 per cent in the Muslim influenced countries of West Africa. Kenya has 85 per cent, Uganda 25 per cent while Botswana and Zambia have 10 to Before the 'white men' came to Kenya there was no Christmas.

Traditionally, children are being initiated into their respective tribes. Part of the initiations is circumcision. Most tribes that circumcise boys also circumcise their girls. The initiation ceremonies generally take from October through December.

Circumcision and HIV: The AIDS Virus - Over 25 million people have died from AIDS. To date 60 million have been infected with HIV (15, each day, i.e., one every 6 seconds; million in ) and 40 million are currently living with HIV.

The Muslim religion was used as a surrogate marker for male circumcision in two surveys performed in Uganda and Có³£ d'Ivoire. In the first survey % (6 out of ) of the Muslim men were HIV-infected compared with % ( out of ) from other religious groups; while the difference was less important among women (% versus %).

This book provides a fascinating, up-to-date overview of the social, cultural, economic, and political landscapes of Tanzania. * Describes historical events from the late s to the present day * Provides several maps depicting Tanzania's location in Africa, major physical features, administrative units, urban areas, ethnic groups, and population distribution * Contains an interdisciplinary.

Global health agencies have endorsed male circumcision for inclusion in HIV prevention programs in Africa and other areas where HIV is prevalent and male circumcision. Male circumcision and HIV infection: 10 years and counting. Lancet ; [An unreferreed opinion-piece.]. 3. Cook LS, Koutsky LA, Holmes KK.

Circumcision and sexually transmitted diseases. Am J Public Health ; 4. Moses S, Bailey RC, Ronald AR. Male circumcision: assessment of health benefits and risks.Abstract. Since the World Health Organization and the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS recommended implementation of medical male circumcision (MC) as part of HIV prevention in areas with low MC and high HIV prevalence rates inthe government of Kenya has developed a strategy to circumcise 80% of uncircumcised men within five years.Male Circumcision and HIV/AIDS: Opportunities and Challenges Sharif R.

Sawires, MA Shari L. Dworkin, PhD, MS, and Thomas J. Coates, PhD AIDS Policy Development Center UCLA Program in Global Health Division of Infectious Diseases David Geffen School of Medicine University of California, Los Angeles.